Genetics Studies in the Greek Population
January 10, 2011.
Christos Karatzios1, Stephen G. Miller2, Costas D. Triantaphyllidis*3.
1- McGill University Health Centre, Division of Infectious Diseases, Montreal Children's Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
2- University of California, Berkeley, California, USA.
3- Department of Genetics, Development and Molecular Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Macedonia, Greece.
Christos Karatzios MD, Assistant Professor of Paediatrics and Costas Triantaphyllidis, Professor Emeritus of Genetics and Human Genetics co-wrote the genetics part, while Stephen Miller, Professor Emeritus of Classical Archaeology wrote the history part of the article. Christos Karatzios participated in the design of the article.
*Corresponding author: C. Triantaphyllidis, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Cosigner and author of the editorial:
George P. Patrinos
Assistant Professor of Pharmacogenomics, University of Patras,
School of Health Sciences, Department of Pharmacy, Patras, Greece;
Communicating editor, Human Mutation.
Abstract: Arnaiz-Villena et al. published five papers making the claim of a Sub-Saharan African origin for Greeks. Hajjej et al. essentially published copies of Arnaiz-Villena's studies using the same methods, and data sets. World leading geneticists have rejected Arnaiz-Villena's methodology (the primary defect is that they relied on too few genetic markers to reliably compare populations). Numerous studies using proper methodology and multiple genetic markers are presented, showing that Greeks cluster genetically with the rest of the Europeans, disproving Arnaiz-Villena's claims. History, as well as genetics, have been misused by Arnaiz-Villena's (and by extension Hajjej's) unprofessional statements and by their omissions and misquotations of scientific and historical citations. The abuse of scientific methods has earned Arnaiz-Villena's research a citation in a genetics textbook as an example of arbitrary interpretation and a deletion of one of his papers from the scientific literature. In order to protect science from misuse, the related papers of Arnaiz-Villena et al. and Hajjej et al. should also be retracted from the scientific literature.
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